The Douglas Fir has a large pyramidal shape and a straight trunk and can grow to a height of 80+ ft. in the right growing conditions. They are a popular choice for Christmas trees. Douglas Fir features soft gray-green to blue-green needles, which carry a pleasant aroma when cut or crushed. They prefer rich, moist, well-drained soils. Once established, they love the full sun and will become dominant in the ecosystem. Douglas fir seeds provide food for several small mammals, including chipmunks, mice, shrews, and red squirrels. Many songbirds will eat the seeds right out of the cone!
Zones 4-6. 8-15" tall, 1,2 years old.
Eastern White Pine
It is a truly magnificent tree attaining a height of 80 feet or more at maturity with a diameter of 20-30 feet. White pine is considered the largest pine in the United States and native to our region. This evergreen Prefers fertile, moist, well-drained soils but tolerates wet swampy areas or dry, rocky ridges. It Provides timber and excellent cover for wildlife. Its seeds are a source of food for black bears, rabbits, & red squirrels. Birds such as woodpeckers, common grackles, mourning doves, and chickadees use the tree for nesting.
Zones 3-8. 6"-12" tall, 2,2 years old
Norway Spruce is one of the fastest-growing of all spruces. As this evergreen tree grows older, the side branches become horizontal, turning upward at the tip. The Secondary branches of the Norway Spruce hang downward from the main branches, giving the tree a graceful appearance. Norway Spruces are one of the best conifers for shelters and windbreaks, as their branches grow densely into one another. These trees can be planted 6 to 10 feet apart for planting a windbreak. Branches droop gracefully as the tree matures, making this a very attractive ornamental. Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game, including grouse, hare, and woodcock. Norway spruce also makes a good roosting tree for hawks and owls.
Zones 3-7. 8"-14" tall, 2,2 years old.